Label verso Oil on canvas 50 x 40 inches Framed size 58 ½ x 48 ½ inches
Born in Whitechapel, London on 25 April 1758, son of a German surgeon. His mother was an attendant or lady in waiting at the palace and it is rumored that he was the natural son of the future George III. As John grew older, he was brought up in the palace to be a chorister in the Chapel Royal. Walton, the Kings librarian, was given charge of Hoppner's education and the King visited the library constantly to note his progress. George III made him a small allowance to enable him to become a painter. Hoppner entered the Royal Academy Schools on 6 March 1775 and went on to win a Silver Medal in 1778 and a Gold in 1782. He exhibited his paintings, 168 at the Royal Academy from 1780 to 1809 and was elected Associate in 1793 and a full member in 1795.In 1782 on the 8 July he married Phoebe Wright, daughter of Patience Wright, an American modeler in wax and ardent patriot in the American cause. She is credited with having acted as a spy in London for the benefit of Benjamin Franklin, then the American Ambassador in Paris. He consequently lost the patronage of George III, under pressure from Benjamin West, although he managed to retain the patronage of Queen Charlotte of Windsor. Hoppner enjoyed a highly successful portrait practice and his portraits of HRH Princess Sophia, HRH Princess Amelia and HRH Princess Maria (exhibited RA 1785) led to his appointment as 'Portrait Painter to the Prince of Wales'1789. His work was influenced by Reynolds and Romney. He was friends with Gainsborough. Together with Lawrence, Hoppner divided the favours of high society in the late Georgian period. Hoppner visited Paris in 1802 with Turner and Henry Fuseli and collaborated some work with S. Gilpin. John Hoppner died in London on the 23 January 1810 and is buried in St James's Chapel Cemetery, Hampstead Road, London.His paintings vary considerably with his finest examples outstanding achievements in British portraiture. His colours, like those of Reynolds are rich, creamy and mellow. His sons William Lascelles Hoppner and Richard Belgrave Hoppner were also artists. Among his pupils and assistants were J.J Masquerier, Henry Salt, John James Halls, Augustus Wall Callcott and R.R. Reinagle.
Works Represented: National Portrait Gallery London; National Gallery Ireland; Tate; Scottish National Portrait Gallery; Wallace Collection; Government House, Madras; British Museum; Victoria & Albert Museum; Brighton Art Galleries; Metropolitan Museum , New York; Detroit Institute; The Queens Collection; The Hermitage; St Petersburg.
Bibl: Portrait Painters - Brian Stewart & Mervyn Cutten
LADY ELIZABETH WHITBREAD 1765-1846 Elizabeth was born in 1765.Her father was Charles Grey, 1st Earl Grey KB PC (circa 23 October 1729 - 14 November 1807) was a British general of the 18th Century. He was the fourth son of Sir Henry Grey, 1st Baronet, of Howick in Northumberland. He served in the Seven Years' War, American War of Independence and French Revolutionary War. Following the Battle of Paoli in 1777 he became known as "No-flint Grey". His eldest son was the Prime Minister Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey.In 1762 he married Elizabeth Grey (1744-1822), the daughter of George Grey of Southwick (1713-1746) and they had seven children, Elizabeth being one of them. Lady Elizabeth married Samuel Whitbread II (January 18, 1764 - 6 July 1815) a British politician on 26 December 1787. Their sons William Henry Whitbread and Samuel Charles Whitbread were also Members of Parliament. Their daughter Emma Laura (1798 - 1857) was also painted by Hoppner. Lady Elizabeth died in 1846.